Copyright © September 2021 Violence Policy Center
Violence Policy Center
1025 Connecticut Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20036
The Violence Policy Center (VPC) is a national nonprofit educational organization that conducts research and public education on violence in America and provides information and analysis to policymakers, journalists, advocates, and the general public.
This study was funded with the support of the Lisa and Douglas Goldman Fund and The Joyce Foundation.
For a complete list of VPC publications with document links, please visit http://www.vpc.org/publications/.
To learn more about the Violence Policy Center, please visit www.vpc.org.
To make a tax-deductible contribution to help support the work of the Violence Policy Center, please visit www.vpc.org/contribute.
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