Two Florida Law Enforcement Officers Among Latest Victims of Concealed Carry Killers

For release: Tuesday, November 28, 2017

U.S. House Judiciary Committee to Consider Bill to Mandate Federal Concealed Carry Reciprocity

Washington, DC —Two Florida law enforcement officers are among the latest murder victims reportedly killed by a concealed carry permit holder according to the most recent update to the Violence Policy Center’s (VPC) ongoing Concealed Carry Killers ( project, an online resource that provides examples of non-self defense killings involving private citizens with permits to carry concealed handguns in public. On August 18, 2017, concealed handgun permit holder Everett Miller, 45, allegedly shot and killed Kissimmee Police Officer Matthew Baxter, 27, and Sgt. Sam Howard, 36, following a scuffle. To see the circumstances of all 21 law enforcement officers killed by concealed carry killers, click The U.S. House Judiciary Committee has announced plans to mark up a bill on Wednesday, November 29, to establish a system of federally mandated concealed carry reciprocity that would force every state to recognize concealed carry permits issued by any other state. This proposal would undermine each state’s ability to take the steps necessary to protect its own citizens and public safety.

Overall, Concealed Carry Killers documents 914 fatal, non-self defense incidents since May 2007 in 40 states and the District of Columbia, resulting in the deaths of 1,119 people. Thirty-one of the incidents were fatal mass shootings as defined by federal law (three or more victims), resulting in the deaths of 147 victims. Because there is no comprehensive recordkeeping of deaths involving concealed handgun permit holders and many states in fact bar the release of such information, the examples in Concealed Carry Killers are taken primarily from news reports along with the limited information collected by a few states. Hence, they likely represent a small fraction of actual events. Concealed Carry Killers does not include the small number of incidents that are eventually determined to involve self-defense or where no verdict is reached at trial. All such incidents are removed from the database’s ongoing totals.

VPC Legislative Director Kristen Rand states, “Among the many false promises made by concealed carry proponents is the claim that concealed handgun permit holders aid police in stopping crime. The exact opposite is true. Concealed handgun permit holders aren’t helping law enforcement officers, they’re killing them.”

In the vast majority of the 914 incidents documented in Concealed Carry Killers (784, or 86 percent), the concealed carry permit holder either committed suicide (399), has already been convicted (309), perpetrated a murder-suicide (58), or was killed in the incident (18). Of the 97 cases still pending, the vast majority (85) of concealed carry killers have been charged with criminal homicide, four were deemed incompetent to stand trial, and eight incidents are still under investigation. An additional 33 incidents were fatal unintentional shootings involving the gun of the concealed handgun permit holder.

Concealed Carry Killers includes detailed narratives for the majority of the 914 incidents, including (if available) the age of the perpetrator and the victim(s), the weapon used, the relationship(s) of those involved in the killing, and motives for the killing when stated.

Below is a chart showing the status of all concealed carry killers since May 2007:

The findings of Concealed Carry Killers are consistent with the latest academic research, which shows that state laws allowing concealed handguns in public do not increase public safety — in fact, they do the opposite. A 2017 study from Stanford University concludes that state concealed carry laws are linked to an increase in violent crime.

And a recent VPC study, Firearm Justifiable Homicides and Non-Fatal Self-Defense Gun Use, shows it is extremely rare for private citizens to use guns in justifiable homicides. The study found that in 2014, there were only 224 justifiable homicides involving a private citizen using a firearm. That same year, there were 7,670 criminal firearm homicides, based on data from the Federal Bureau of Investigation Uniform Crime Reporting Program’s Supplementary Homicide Report.

Additional information, including a state-by-state breakdown of fatal incidents involving concealed carry killers, is available at To review all deaths involving concealed carry killers, click on “Total People Killed by Concealed Carry Killers.”



The Violence Policy Center is a national educational organization working to stop gun death and injury. Follow the VPC on TwitterFacebook, and YouTube.

Media Contact:
Georgia Seltzer
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