At Least 22 Law Enforcement Officers Have Been Killed By Concealed Handgun Permit Holders Since 2007, Latest Violence Policy Center Research Shows

For Release: Thursday, January 17, 2019

Washington, DC—Innocent victims, including law enforcement officers, continue to die at the hands of private citizens with permits to carry concealed handguns, according to Concealed Carry Killers (, an online resource from the Violence Policy Center (VPC) that provides examples of non-self defense killings involving private citizens with permits to carry concealed handguns in public. The project’s most recent update reveals that since May 2007 concealed handgun permit holders were responsible for at least 1,300 deaths not involving self defense, including 22 law enforcement officers.

VPC Legislative Director Kristen Rand states, “Concealed handgun permit holders are not supporting police or protecting the public, but are actually killing law enforcement officers and threatening public safety.”

Because there is no comprehensive recordkeeping of deaths involving concealed handgun permit holders and many states in fact bar the release of such information, the examples on Concealed Carry Killers are taken primarily from news reports along with the limited information collected by a few states. Hence, they likely represent a small fraction of actual events. Concealed Carry Killers does not include the small number of incidents that are eventually determined to involve self-defense or where no verdict is reached at trial. All such incidents are removed from the database’s ongoing totals.

Overall, Concealed Carry Killers documents 1,077 fatal, non-self defense incidents since May 2007 in 40 states and the District of Columbia, resulting in the deaths of 1,300 people. Thirty-three of the incidents were fatal mass shootings as defined by federal law (three or more victims), resulting in the deaths of 161 victims.

In the vast majority of the 1,077 incidents, (976, or 91 percent), the concealed carry permit holder either committed suicide (533), has already been convicted (364), perpetrated a murder-suicide (60), or was killed in the incident (19). Of the 65 cases still pending, the vast majority (53) of concealed carry killers have been charged with criminal homicide, five were deemed incompetent to stand trial, and seven incidents are still under investigation. An additional 36 incidents were fatal unintentional shootings involving the gun of the concealed handgun permit holder.

Concealed Carry Killers includes detailed narratives for the majority of the 1,077 incidents, including (if available) the age of the perpetrator and the victim(s), the weapon used, the relationship(s) of those involved in the killing, and motives for the killing when stated.

Below is a chart showing the status of all concealed carry killers since May 2007:


The findings of Concealed Carry Killers are consistent with the latest academic research, which shows that state laws allowing concealed handguns in public do not increase public safety — in fact, they do the opposite. A 2017 study from Stanford University concludes that state concealed carry laws are linked to an increase in violent crime.

And, the September 2018 VPC study Firearm Justifiable Homicides and Non-Fatal Self-Defense Gun Use shows that it is extremely rare for private citizens to use guns in justifiable homicides. The study found that in 2015, there were only 265 justifiable homicides involving a private citizen using a firearm. That same year, there were 9,027 criminal firearm homicides, based on data from the Federal Bureau of Investigation Uniform Crime Reporting Program’s Supplementary Homicide Report.

Additional information, including a state-by-state breakdown of fatal incidents involving concealed carry killers, is available at To review all deaths involving concealed carry killers, click on “Total People Killed by Concealed Carry Killers.”



The Violence Policy Center is a national educational organization working to stop gun death and injury. Follow the VPC on TwitterFacebook, and Instagram.

Media Contact:
Georgia Seltzer
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