For Release: Thursday, March 8, 2018
Washington, DC —In the wake of the mass shooting at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida, the National Rifle Association has once again offered arming school personnel as a solution to school shootings. Yet ongoing Violence Policy Center (VPC) research shows that concealed handgun permit holders are responsible for 1,129 deaths not involving self defense since 2007. Thirty-one of the incidents were fatal mass shootings as defined by federal law (three or more victims), resulting in the deaths of 147 victims. Details on these fatal incidents can be found on Concealed Carry Killers (concealedcarrykillers.org), an online resource that provides examples of non-self defense killings involving private citizens with permits to carry concealed handguns in public.
Overall, Concealed Carry Killers documents 923 fatal, non-self defense incidents since May 2007 in 40 states and the District of Columbia, resulting in the deaths of 1,129 people At least 21 law enforcement officers have died at the hands of concealed carry killers since May 2007.
VPC Legislative Director Kristen Rand states, “Concealed Carry Killers blows up the myth that everyone with a concealed carry permit is a ‘good guy with a gun.’ Our data shows that people with concealed carry permits are not the answer to mass shootings. All too often they actually are the mass shooters. We have identified 31 concealed carry killers who have committed mass shootings since 2007.”
Because there is no comprehensive recordkeeping of deaths involving concealed handgun permit holders and many states in fact bar the release of such information, the examples on Concealed Carry Killers are taken primarily from news reports along with the limited information collected by a few states. Hence, they likely represent a small fraction of actual events. Concealed Carry Killers does not include the small number of incidents that are eventually determined to involve self-defense or where no verdict is reached at trial. All such incidents are removed from the database’s ongoing totals.
In the vast majority of the 923 incidents documented in Concealed Carry Killers (795, or 86 percent), the concealed carry permit holder either committed suicide (399), has already been convicted (320), perpetrated a murder-suicide (58), or was killed in the incident (18). Of the 94 cases still pending, the vast majority (83) of concealed carry killers have been charged with criminal homicide, four were deemed incompetent to stand trial, and seven incidents are still under investigation. An additional 34 incidents were fatal unintentional shootings involving the gun of the concealed handgun permit holder.
Concealed Carry Killers includes detailed narratives for the majority of the 923 incidents, including (if available) the age of the perpetrator and the victim(s), the weapon used, the relationship(s) of those involved in the killing, and motives for the killing when stated.
Below is a chart showing the status of all concealed carry killers since May 2007:
The findings of Concealed Carry Killers are consistent with the latest academic research, which shows that state laws allowing concealed handguns in public do not increase public safety — in fact, they do the opposite. A 2017 study from Stanford University concludes that state concealed carry laws are linked to an increase in violent crime.
And a recent VPC study, Firearm Justifiable Homicides and Non-Fatal Self-Defense Gun Use, shows it is extremely rare for private citizens to use guns in justifiable homicides. The study found that in 2014 there were only 224 justifiable homicides involving a private citizen using a firearm. That same year, there were 7,670 criminal firearm homicides, based on data from the Federal Bureau of Investigation Uniform Crime Reporting Program’s Supplementary Homicide Report.
Additional information, including a state-by-state breakdown of fatal incidents involving concealed carry killers, is available at concealedcarrykillers.org. To review all deaths involving concealed carry killers, click on “Total People Killed by Concealed Carry Killers.”