Copyright © March 2021 Violence Policy Center

The Violence Policy Center (VPC) is a national nonprofit educational organization that conducts research and public education on violence in America and provides information and analysis to policymakers, journalists, advocates, and the general public.

This study was funded with the support of The Joyce Foundation.

This study was authored by VPC Research Fellow Gary Klein. Mr. Klein, a long-time consumer advocate and litigator, was responsible for a variety of gun safety and gun violence prevention projects at the Office of the Massachusetts Attorney General. He publishes a blog on gun safety which can be found at www.gunaccidentjournal.net.

This study was edited by VPC Executive Director Josh Sugarmann and VPC Legislative Director Kristen Rand.

For a complete list of VPC publications with document links, please visit http://www.vpc.org/publications/.

To learn more about the Violence Policy Center, please visit www.vpc.org.

To make a tax-deductible contribution to help support the work of the Violence Policy Center, please visit www.vpc.org/contribute.

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